Books and Borrowing 1750-1830

Further Reading

Image of ladies reading a gothic novel

James Gillray, ‘Tales of Wonder!’ (1802)

Aitken, W. R., A History of the Public Library Movement in Scotland to 1955 (Glasgow: Scottish Library Association, 1921)

Allan, David, Making British Culture (New York: Routledge, 2008)

–– A Nation of Readers: The Lending Library in Georgian England (London: British Library, 2008)

Allington, Daniel, ‘On the Use of Anecdotal Evidence in Reception Study and the History of Reading’, in Reading in History: New Methodologies from the Anglo-American Tradition, The History of the Book (6), ed. by Bonnie Gunzenhauser (London: Pickering and Chatto, 2010), pp. 11–28

Altick, Richard, The English Common Reader: A Social History of the Mass Reading Public, 1800-1900 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1957)

AndersonR.D., Education and the Scottish People, 1750-1918 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995) 

Anderson-Smith, Myrtle, ‘The Bibliotheck of Kirkwall’, Northern Scotland, 15(1995), 127–34

Bain, Andrew, The Life and Times of the Schoolmaster in Central Scotland in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries: A Study Based upon Selected Extracts from Local Church and Secular Records (Callendar Park College of Education, Dept. of Educational Studies, 1989) 

Balfour Paul, James, ed., The Scots Peerage; founded on Wood’s edition of Sir Robert Douglas’s peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom Volume VIII (Edinburgh: David Douglas, 1904)

Behler, Alan, ‘George Frederic Jones Borrowing Record, New York Society Library’, Edith Wharton Review, 28:2 (2012), 24–8

Bell, Bill, ‘The Scottish Book Trade 1707–1918’, in The Edinburgh History of Scottish Literature, ed. by S. Manning, I Brown, T. Clancy and M. Pittock (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2007), pp. 221–27

Bell, Bill, ed. The Edinburgh History of the Book in Scotland, 4 vols (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2007)

Bertie, David, Scottish Episcopal Clergy, 1689–2000 (London: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2000)

Best, G., ‘Libraries in the Parish’ in The Cambridge History of Libraries in Britain and Ireland,  Vol. II: 1640–1850, ed. by Giles Mandelbrote and K.A. Manley (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006), pp. 324–44. [More broadly, the whole of the Cambridge History of Libraries Vol. 2 is relevant]

Betteridge, Robert, ‘”To Diligence All things become Subservient’: Thomas Ruddiman’s 1703 catalogue of the Library of the Faculty of Advocates’, Journal of the Edinburgh Bibliographical Society, 8 (2013), 33-71

Borsay, Peter, The English Urban Renaissance, Culture and Society in the Provincial Town, 1660–1770 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989)

Bourdieu, Pierre, ‘The Forms of Capital’, in Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education, ed. by John G. Richardson (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1986), pp. 241-58

Burleigh, J. H. S.,  A Church History of Scotland (London: OUP, 1960)

Carter, Ian R.,  ‘The Mutual Improvement Movement in North-East Scotland in the Nineteenth Century’, Aberdeen University Review, 46 (Autumn 1976), 383-92

Catalogue of the Books in the Town of Haddington’s Library. MDCCCXXVIII (Haddington: [s.n.], 1828)

Catalogue of the Graduates in the Faculties of Arts, Divinities, and Law of the University of Edinburgh since its Foundation (Edinburgh: Neill and Company, 1858)

Catalogue of the Inverness Session Library 1897 (Inverness: T.M. Thomson, 1897)

A Catalogue of the Leightonian Library (Edinburgh: William Smellie, 1793)

Chamier, George, The First Light: The Story of Innerpeffray Library (Innerpeffray: Library of Innerpeffray, 2009)

Chartier, Roger, ‘The Practical Impact of Writing’ in The Book History Reader, ed. by David Finkelstein and Alistair McCleery, 2nd edn (London: Routledge, 2006), pp. 157–81 [More broadly, much of the Book History Reader will be useful]

Chitnis, Anand C., The Scottish Enlightenment: A Social History (London: Croom Helm, 1976)

Clark, Peter, ‘Ownership of books in England 1560–1640’, in Schooling and Society: Studies in the History of Education, ed. by Laurence Stone (Baltimore: John Hopkins University Press, 1976), pp. 95–111

Colclough, Stephen, Consuming Texts: Readers and Reading Communities, 16951870 (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007)

–– ‘Readers: Books and Biography’ in A Companion to the History of the Book, ed. by Simon Eliot and Jonathan Rose (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2009), pp. 50–62

Colclough, Stephen, and Alexis Weedon, eds., ‘Introduction’, in The History of the Book in the West: 1800-1914, 5 vols (Farnham, Surrey: Ashgate, 2010), IV, pp. xi-xxviii

Cole, Richard C., ‘Community Lending Libraries in Eighteenth-Century Ireland’, Library Quarterly, 44:2(1974), 111–23

Cooke, Anthony, From Popular Enlightenment to Lifelong Learning: A History of Adult Education in Scotland, 1707-2005 (Leicester: National Institute of Adult Continuing Education, 2006)

Craven, J. B., Descriptive Catalogue of the Bibliotheck of Kirkwall 1683, with a notice of the founder, William Baikie, M.A., of Holland (Kirkwall, 1897)

Crawford, John. ‘The Community Library in Scottish History’, IFLA Journal, 28:5–6(2002), 245–55

–– ‘Reading and Book Use in 18th-Century Scotland’, The Biblioteck, 19 (1994), 23–43

–– ‘‘‘The high state of culture to which this part of the country has attained”: Libraries, Reading, and Society in Paisley, 1760-1830’, Library & Information History, 30 (2014), 172-94

Crone, Rosalind, Katie Halsey and Shafquat Towheed, eds, The History of Reading: A Reader (London: Routledge, 2011)

Crone, Rosalind, Katie Halsey, W.R. Owens and Shafquat Towheed, eds, The History of Reading, 3 vols (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011)

Curwen T. and G. Jonsson, ‘Provenance and the Itinerary of the Book: Recording Provenance Data in On-line Catalogues’ in Imprints and their owners: recording the cultural geography of Europe ed. by D. Shaw (London: Consortium of European Research Libraries, 2007)

Darnton, Robert, ‘First Steps Toward a History of Reading’, Australian Journal of French Studies, 23: 1 (1986), 5-30

––, ‘What is the History of Books?’, Daedalus, 111 (1982), 65-83

––, ‘”What is the History of Books?” Revisited’, Modern Intellectual History, 4 (2007), 495-508

Dunstan, Vivienne S., ‘Glimpses into a Town’s Reading Habits in Enlightenment Scotland: Analysing the Borrowings of Gray Library, Haddington, 1732–1816’, Journal of Scottish Historical Studies, 26:1-2 (2006), 42–59

Dunstan, Vivienne S., Reading Habits in Scotland circa 17501820 (Doctoral Thesis, University of Dundee, 2010)

Dye, Jill, ‘Cornelius Stewart’, [accessed 3 July 2018]

–– ‘John Ramsay of Ochtertyre’, [accessed 5 August 2018]

–– ‘Mrs Dalzell’, [accessed 10 September 2018]

–– ‘William Sheriff’, [accessed 10 September 2017]

–– ‘Meet the Borrower: Samuel Gilfillan’ Footnotes from Innerpeffray  [accessed 31 July 2018]

–– ‘Leighton Library Borrowers’, Journal for the Society of Friends of Dunblane Cathedral, XXII:IV(2017), 136–40

–– ‘The Anatomist in the Library’, Journal for the Society of Friends of Dunblane Cathedral (2018)

Edelstein, Dan, The Enlightenment: A Genealogy (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2010)

Elder Davie, George, The Democratic Intellect: Scotland and Her Universities in the Nineteenth Century (Edinburgh: EUP, 1961)

Eliot, Simon, ‘Has Book History a Future?’, Knygotyra, 54 (2010), 9-18

––, ‘The Reading Experience Database; or, what are we to do about the history of reading?’, Open University [accessed 30/05/17].

–– ‘Very Necessary but Not Quite Sufficient: A Personal View of Quantitative Analysis in Book History’, Book History, 5 (2002), 283-93

Felsenstein, Frank and James J. Connolly, What Middletown Read: Print Culture in an American Small City (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2015)

Fish, Stanley, Is There a Text in This Class?: The Authority of Interpretive Communities (Cambridge, MA; London: Harvard UP, 1980)

Gay, Peter, The Enlightenment: An Interpretation, 2 vols (New York: Knopf, 1966-1969)

Ginzburg, Carlo, The Cheese and the Worms (Baltimore: John Hopkins UP, 1992)

Glover, Katherine, ‘The Female Mind: Scottish Enlightenment Femininity and the World of Letters: A Case Study of the Woman of the Fletcher of Saltoun Family in the Mid-Eighteenth Century’, Journal of Scottish Historical Studies, 25:1 (2005), 1-20

Grant, Francis J., The Faculty of Advocates in Scotland, 1532-1943: With genealogical notes (Edinburgh: Scottish Records Society, 1944)

Griffin, Emma, Liberty’s Dawn: A People’s History of the Industrial Revolution (New Haven, CT: Yale UP, 2013)

Halsey, Katie, ‘A “Quaint Corner” of the Reading Nation: Romantic Readerships in Rural Perthshire, 1780–1830’, in Before the Public Library: Reading, Community and Identity in the Atlantic World, 1650-1850, ed. by Mark R. M. Towsey and Kyle B. Roberts, Library of the Handpress World (Brill: Leiden, 2017), pp. 218–235. 

–– ‘Preface’, Forum: University of Edinburgh Postgraduate Journal of Culture & the Arts, 23 (2016), 1–15

–– ‘Reading the Evidence of Reading: An Introduction to the Reading Experience Database’, Popular Narrative Media, 1.2 (2008), 123–37

–– ”’Folk Stylistics” and the History of Reading: A Discussion of Method’, Language and Literature, 18 (2009), 231-46

Hammond, Mary and Jonathan Rose, eds, The Edinburgh History of Reading (Edinburgh: EUP, 2020)

Hillyard, Brian, ‘The Formation of the Library, 1682-1729′, in For the Encouragement of Learning: Scotland’s National Library, 1689-1989, ed. by Patrick Cadell and Ann Matheson (Edinburgh: HMSO, 1989), pp. 23-66

Historic Environment Scotland, ‘Innerpeffray Chapel: History

Hobbs, Andrew, ‘The Reading World of a Provincial Town: Preston, Lancashire 1855-1900’, in The History of Reading, Vol. 2: Evidence from the British Isles, c. 1750-1950, ed. by Katie Halsey and W. R. Owens (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011), pp. 121-38

Houston, R.A., Scottish Literacy and the Scottish Identity: Illiteracy and Society in Scotland and Northern England 16001800 (Cambridge: CUP, 1985)

Hunt, A., ‘Private Libraries in the Age of Bibliomania’, in The Cambridge History of Libraries in Britain and Ireland, Vol. II: 1640–1850, ed. by Giles Mandelbrote and K.A. Manley (Cambridge: CUP, 2006), pp. 438–58

Innes-Addison, W., A Roll of the Graduates of the University of Glasgow from 31st December 1727 to 31st December 1897 (Glasgow: James MacLehose & Sons, 1898)

–– The Matriculation Albums of the University of Glasgow from 17281858 (Glasgow: James MacLehose & Sons, 1913)

Institution, Rules & Catalogue of the Orkney Library (Edinburgh: John Moir, 1816)

Israel, Jonathan, Radical Enlightenment (Oxford: OUP, 2001)

–– Enlightenment Contested (Oxford: OUP, 2006)

–– Democratic Enlightenment (Oxford: OUP, 2011)

Jackson, H. J., ‘Coleridge as Reader: Marginalia’, in The Oxford Handbook of Samuel Taylor Coleridge ed. by Frederick Burwick (Oxford: OUP, 2009), pp. 271–87

–– Marginalia: Readers Writing in Books (New Haven: Yale UP, 2001)

Jackson, Ian, ‘Approaches to the History of Readers and Reading in Eighteenth-Century Britain’, Historical Journal, 47:4 (2004), 1041–54

Jackson Williams, Kelsey, The First Scottish Enlightenment (Oxford: OUP, 2020)

Jacob W.M., ‘Libraries for the Parish’ in The Cambridge History of Libraries in Britain and Ireland, Vol. II: 1640–1850, ed. by Giles Mandelbrote and K.A. Manley (Cambridge: CUP, 2006), pp. 65–82

Kaufman, Paul, ‘The Community Library: A Chapter in English Social History’, Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, 57:7(1967), 1–67.

Kaufman, Paul, ‘Discovering the Oldest Publick Bibliotheck of the Northern Isles’, Library Review, 23:7(1972), 285–7

–– ‘Leadhills: Library of Diggers’ Libri, 17:1(1967), 13–20

–– Libraries and their Users: Collected Papers in Library History (London: Library Association, 1969)

–– ‘The Rise of Community Libraries in Scotland’, Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America, 59:3(1965), 233–94

–– ‘A Unique Record of a People’s Reading’, Libri, 14:3(1964–5), 227–42

Long, Elizabeth, Book Clubs: Women and the Uses of Reading in Everyday Life (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003)

Macgregor, Gordon Andrew, The Red Book of Perthshire (Perthshire Heritage, 2006)

Manley, K.A., Books, Borrowers, and Shareholders: Scottish Circulating and Subscription Libraries Before 1825 (Edinburgh: Edinburgh Bibliographical Society, 2012)

Mann, Alastair J., The Scottish Book Trade 15001720: Print Commerce and Print Control in Early Modern Scotland (East Linton: Tuckwell Press, 2000)

Mason, D. Cairns, Lending Libraries in Scotland in the Spread of Enlightenment Thinking: Two Scottish Case Studies: Innerpeffray Library, Crieff; the Monkland Friendly Society, Dunscore (Braco: Doica, 2009) 

McElroy, D.D. ‘The Literary Clubs and Societies of Eighteenth Century Scotland, and Their Influence on the Literary Productions of the Period from 1700 to 1800’ (unpublished doctoral thesis, University of Edinburgh, 1952)

McHenry, Elizabeth, Forgotten Readers: Recovering the Lost History of African-American Literary Societies (Durham, NC: Duke UP, 2002)

Mitchell, A. ed., Inverness Kirk Session Records, 16611800 (Inverness: Robt Carruthers & Sons, 1902), Part III, pp. 189–206

Moore, Sean D., Slavery and the Making of Early American Libraries (Oxford: Oxford UP, 2019)

O’Brien, Karen, ‘The History Market’, in Books and their Readers in Eighteenth Century England: New Essays, ed. by Isabel Rivers (London: Leicester UP, 2001), pp. 105–33

Olsen, Mark and Louis-Georges Harvey, ‘Reading in Revolutionary Times: Book Borrowing from the Harvard College Library, 1773–1782’, Harvard Library Bulletin, 4(1993), 57–72

Ovenden, Richard, ‘Selling Books in Early Eighteenth-century Edinburgh: A Case Study’, in The Edinburgh History of the Book in Scotland, Vol. 2: Enlightenment and Expansion 1707–1800, ed. by Stephen Brown and Warren McDougall (Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 2011), pp. 132–42 [More broadly, much of the Edinburgh History of the Book in Scotland will be very useful]

Pearson, David, Books as History: The Importance of Books Beyond their Texts (London: British Library, 2008)

–– Provenance Research in Book History: A Handbook (London: British Library, 1994)

Pearson, Jacqueline, Women’s Reading in Britain, 1750–1835: A Dangerous Recreation (Cambridge: CUP, 1999)

Pinkerton, John Macpherson, ed., The Minute Book of the Faculty of Advocates, Vol. 1: 1661-1712 (Edinburgh: Stair Society, 1976); Vol. 2: 1713-1750, ed. by Angus Stewart (Edinburgh: Stair Society, 1980)

Pocock, J.G.A., Barbarism and Religion, 6 vols (Cambridge: CUP, 1999-2015)

Poole, William, ‘Analysing a Private Library, with a Shelflist Attributable to John Hales of Eton, c.1624’, in A Concise Companion to the Study of Manuscripts, Printed Books, and the Production of Early Modern Texts: A Festschrift for Gordon Campbell,  ed. by Edward Jones (Chichester: Wiley Blackwell 2015), pp. 41–65

Potten, Ed, ‘The Dissenting Academies Online Virtual Library System: What Middletown Read: The Reading Experience Database’, The Library, 13:1(2012), 351–55

Porter, Roy, The Enlightenment (Harmondsworth: Penguin, 2000)

Porter, Roy, and Teich, Mikulei, eds, The Enlightenment in National Context (Cambridge: CUP, 2008; first published 1981)

Price, Leah, How to Do Things with Books in Victorian Britain (Princeton and Oxford: Princeton UP, 2012)

Radcliffe, Christopher, ‘Mutual Improvement Societies and the Forging of Working-Class Political Consciousness in Nineteenth-Century England’, International Journal of Lifelong Education, 16 (1997), 141-55

Radway, J.A., ‘Reading is Not Eating: Mass-produced literature and the theoretical, methodological, and political consequences of a metaphor’, Book Research Quarterly, 2:7(1986), 7–29

Rae, Thomas, I., ‘The Origins of the Advocates Library’, in For the Encouragement of Learning: Scotland’s National Library, 1689-1989, ed. by Patrick Cadell and Anne Matheson (Edinburgh: HMSO, 1989), pp. 1-22

Robertson, John, The Case for the Enlightenment: Scotland and Naples, 1680-1760 (Cambridge: CUP, 2005)

Rose, Jonathan, ‘Alternative Futures for Library History’, Libraries & Culture, 38:1(2003), 50–60

–– ‘One Giant Leap for Library History’, Library Quarterly, 78:1 (2008), 129–33

–– ‘Rereading the English Common Reader: A Preface to a History of Audiences’, Journal of the History of Ideas, 53:1(1992), 47–70.

–– The Intellectual Life of the British Working Classes, 2nd edn, (New Haven: Yale UP, 2010)

Raven, James, Helen Small and Naomi Tadmor, eds, The Practice and Representation of Reading in England (Cambridge: CUP, 1996)

Sangster, Matthew, ‘Copyright Literature and Reading Communities in Eighteenth-century St Andrews’, Review of English Studies, 68:287(2017), 947–67

–– ‘Defining Institutions’, Institutions of Literature, 17001900 [accessed 3 Jul 2018]

Scotland, James, The History of Scottish Education, Vol. 1: From the Beginning to 1872 (London: University of London Press, 1969) 

Scott, Hew, Fasti Ecclesiæ Scoticanæ; The Succession of Ministers in the Church of Scotland from the Reformation (Edinburgh: Oliver and Boyd, 1915-1928) [This will be a key source for identifying borrowers in a large number of our libraries]

Shepherd, Christine, ‘The Inter-relationship between the Library and Teaching in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth centuries,’ in Edinburgh University Library, 1580-1980: A collection of historical essays, ed. By Jean R. Guild and Alexander Law (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Library), pp. 67-86

Sher, Richard B., ‘Charles V and the Book Trade: An episode in Enlightenment print culture’, in William Robertson and the Expansion of Empire, ed by Stewart J. Brown (Cambridge: CUP, 1997), pp. 164–95

–– ‘Scottish Publishers in London’ in The Edinburgh History of the Book in Scotland, Vol. 2: Enlightenment and Expansion 17071800, ed. by Stephen Brown and Warren McDougal (Edinburgh: EUP, 2011), pp. 188–97

–– The Enlightenment and the Book: Scottish Authors and their Publishers in Eighteenth-Century Britain, Ireland and America (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007)

Smart, Robert N., Biographical Register of the University of St Andrews, 1747–1897 (St Andrews: University of St Andrews Library, 2004) [accessed 26 Jun 2018]

Smout, T.C., A History of the Scottish People 1560–1830 (London: Fontana Press, 1998)

–– ‘Born Again at Cambuslang: New Evidence on Popular Religion and Literacy in Eighteenth-Century Scotland’, Past & Present, 97:1 (1982), 114–27

St Clair, William, The Reading Nation in the Romantic Period (Cambridge: CUP, 2004)

Stewart, Angus, ed., The Minute Book of the Faculty of Advocates, Vol. 3: 1751-1783 (Edinburgh: Stair Society, 1999); Vol. 4: 1783-1798, ed. Angus Stewart and David Parratt (Edinburgh: Stair Society, 2008)

Taylor, Archer, Book Catalogues: Their Varieties and Uses (Chicago, Newberry Library, 1957)

‘The Leighton Library at Dunblane’, Evening Telegraph, 31 Aug. 1894, p. 2

The Statistical Account of Scotland 1791-1799, edited by Sir John Sinclair. 20 volumes. (Wakefield: EP Publishing, 1973-83)

The New Statistical Account of Scotland, 15 volumes. (Edinburgh: William Blackwood & Sons, 1845)

Thompson, E.P., The Making of the English Working Class (London: Victor Gollancz, Ltd, 1963)

Tinch, David M.N., The Orkney Library: A short history 16831983, (Kirkwall: Orkney Library for Orkney Islands Council, 1983)

Townley, Maureen, The Best and Fynest Lawers and Other Raire Bookes: A facsimile of the earliest list of books in the Advocates’ Library, Edinburgh, with an introduction to the modern catalogue (Edinburgh: Edinburgh Bibliographical Society; NLS, 1990)

Towsey, Mark R.M., ‘First Steps in Associational Reading: Book Use and Sociability at the Wigtown Subscription Library 1795–99’, Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America, 103:4(2009), 455–95

–– Reading the Scottish Enlightenment: Books and their Readers in Provincial Scotland, 17501820 (Leiden: Brill, 2010)

–– Reading the Scottish Enlightenment: Libraries, readers and intellectual culture in provincial Scotland c.1750c.1820 (Doctoral Thesis, University of St Andrews, 2007)

–– ‘The First Light: The Story of Innerpeffray Library’ (Review), Library & Information History, 26:2(2010), 170–79

–– Reading History in Britain and America, c.1750-c.1840 (Cambridge: CUP, 2019)

–– ‘Store their Minds with Much Valuable Knowledge’: Agricultural Improvement at the Selkirk Subscription Library, 1799-1814’, Journal for Eighteenth-Century Studies, 38:4 (2015), 569 – 84

Towsey, Mark R.M. & Kyle B. Roberts, eds., Before the Public Library: Reading, Community, and Identity in the Atlantic World, 16501850 (Leiden: Brill, 2017)

Vincent, David, Bread, Knowledge and Freedom: A Study of Nineteenth-Century Working Class Autobiography (London: Europa Publications Limited, 1981)

––, Literacy and Popular Culture: England 1750-1914 (Cambridge: CUP, 1989)

–– ,The Rise of Mass Literacy: Reading and Writing in Modern Europe (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2000)

Webb, R.K., ‘Rational Piety’, in Enlightenment and Religion, ed. by Knud Haakonssen (Cambridge: CUP, 2006) pp. 287–311

Weiss, Lauren, ‘’All are instructive if read in a right spirit’: Reading, Religion and Instruction in a Victorian Reading Diary’, Library & Information History, 33 (2017), 97-122

Williams, Abigail, The Social Life of Books: Reading Together in the Eighteenth-Century Home (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2017)

Willis, Gordon, ‘The Leighton Library, Dunblane: its history and contents’, The Bibliotheck 10:6 (1981), 139–57

–– ‘Introduction’, in The Leighton Library Dunblane: Catalogue of Manuscripts (Stirling: University of Stirling Bibliographical Society, 1981) pp. 5–11

Wrigley, E.A., ed,  Identifying People in the Past (London: Edward Arnold, 1973)

Young, Brian, ‘Theological books’ in Books and their Readers in Eighteenth Century England: New essays, ed. by Isabel Rivers (London: Leicester UP, 2001), pp. 79–104

Young, Graeme, ‘Leighton Library Borrowers of the Early Eighteenth Century’ Journal for the Society of Friends of Dunblane Cathedral, XX:4(2009), 151–53